Core features of the practice
Institution name: The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw
Institution type: Museum
Institution URL: http://www.jhi.pl/en
Students, Young people, Educators in formal settings, Educators in non-formal settings, General public/non-specialist audience
Cost (per practice):
Remembrance education and/or history education, Citizenship/democracy education, Antisemitism, The Holocaust and/or other genocides, Critical thinking
Additional information about the practice
Number of participants:
Up to 34
Age of target population:
Other:, People who live in Warsaw or those who visit the city.
Topics and objectives:
On the exhibition, we present to the public – for the first time – documents collected by the secret group Oneg Shabbat. The documents form the Underground Archive of the Warsaw Ghetto, founded by Emanuel Ringelblum, historian and social activist. He gathered together a group of people who documented the life and death of the Warsaw Ghetto. When they realized that the Ghetto will be liquidated, and themselves – along with others – will be transported to a death camp, they buried the documents in the basement of the Borokhov school at Nowolipki 68. They survived in hiding from 1946 and 1950 when the second part of the archives was found. The Archive is one of the most important testimonies about the Holocaust of Polish Jews – not only due to diversity and documentary value of collected materials. More than anything, it is a record of the Holocaust as seen by its victims. The title of the exhibition was taken from the testament left by Dawid Graber, who belonged to a group of people hiding the first part of the Archive. He wrote: „What we were unable to shout out to the world, we buried in the ground”. A separate part of the exhibition is dedicated to the history of the group – from the moment of hiding the Archive until the present day. We display documents which describe the efforts of hiding the Archive, of its recovery and following stages of preservation, cataloging, analysis, edition of the documents, up until including the Archive in the „Memory of the World” UNESCO register in 1999.
Material culture, i.e., physical object or setting, Audiovisual material
Link to the material:
Sequence of activities - methodology:
Length of activity:
Up to 5 hours
Is the activity digital?:
Language(s) in which activity can be delivered:
Is specialist knowledge or professional training required?:
If yes, which type?:
Remembrance, history, or museum education
Components of the practice
Accessibility and replicability
Has this practice been evaluated?
Participants, Informal non-participant observer, Instructor delivering the practice, Internal evaluator, Formal external evaluator
By what means?:
Informal verbal feedback, Formal verbal feedback, Qualitative written feedback, Quantitative survey
Core content knowledge and transferable skills:
The ability to understand how important is to preserve memory about the history and the culture of a nation. A work of Ringelblum also proves that there are many types of resistance, not only the military one but also an intellectual one. A work of "Oneg Shabbat" is a great example of that.
Indicators of success:
Original documents and artifacts in the exhibition, lack of multimedia distractions, the optimal size of the exhibition.
Educational coordinator contact details:
Name: Department of Education
Email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
How many times?:
The RETHINK project is concerned with bridging formal and informal education. This section explores the factors that make a practice adaptable.
Key factors for successful implementation:
Main challenges to teachers adapting this practice for their students:
It is necessary to visit our institute in Warsaw.
Availability of guidance/training/replication materials (and in what language/format currently):
Other comments or details: