Nazi occupation in Greece: 1. Beyond the front: women and children, 2. heritage and art, 3. collaborators. Remembering and facing the painful past.

Core features of the practice

  • Organisation:

    Institution name: Association for Historical Education in Greece
    Institution type: Association of educators
    Institution URL:
  • Format:

    Seminar, Workshop, Instructional material
  • Target population:

    Students, Educators in formal settings, Civil society and non-profit leaders
  • Cost (per practice):

  • Setting:

  • Themes:

    Remembrance education and/or history education, Citizenship/democracy education, Critical thinking
  • Core activities:

    Group work, Creative activity, Slide presentation

Additional information about the practice

    Target population

  • Number of participants:

    More than 100
  • Age of target population:

  • Additional specifics:

    National/local specifities (e.g. activity targeted to Swedish school students)
  • Components of the practice

  • Topics and objectives:

    Racism and right wing extremism in Greece (Golden Dawn influence), deriving from contemporary Greek history (Nazi occupation, Civil War). The practice seeks to help participants interpret and analyse textual and visual material, as well as heritage items in order to understand the ideological and political instrumentalisation and manipulation of them.
  • Materials used:

    Written or other published material, Material culture, i.e., physical object or setting
  • Material produced:

    Written material, Instructional material, Online material
  • Sequence of activities - methodology:

    Initial introduction: PPT presentation, historical frame- big picture- aims and methodology, workshop: split to teams, teamwork based on image-textual analysis, film viewing, testimonial analysis, creative and written activity, final presentation, discussion, reflection
  • Length of activity:

    5 to 8 hours
  • Is the activity digital?:

  • Accessibility and replicability

  • Language(s) in which activity can be delivered:

    English, Greek
  • Is specialist knowledge or professional training required?:

  • If yes, which type?:

    Other, Formal educational training and/or certification (e.g., teacher) and remembrance, history, or museum education

Qualitative Details

  • Has this practice been evaluated?

  • How many times?:

  • By whom?:

    Participants, Informal non-participant observer, Internal evaluator
  • By what means?:

    Informal verbal feedback, Qualitative written feedback, Quantitative survey
  • Core content knowledge and transferable skills:

    The main aim of this material is to help teachers approach a very sensitive period of contemporary Greek history applying teaching methods that enhance empathy, experiental technics and critical thinking. Using multiperspective sources and multimedia material (testimonies, photographs, films etc), we aim to a critical understanding of history and all kind of historical sources; In this way we provide teachers with the methodological tools to use history education to impart citizenship skills to their students, improve visual and media literacy so as to enhance the ability to evaluate different types of media and generate their own content. Taking into consideration the dystopic political environment in Greece and all over Europe (rise of nationalism and right wing extremism) and trying to face and handle the fierce polarised political discourse as projected in mainstream media, we try to help teachers address difficult issues of the 40’s mainly as a lens to understand the present.
  • Indicators of success:

    We have quantifiable impact, but it is mainly the repeat demand and invitations all over Greece to present the material and organise training seminars for fellow teachers that makes the suggested activity an effective practice. We use interactive pedagogical method, highly adaptable/scaleable, addressing topics connected to current issues which affect everyday life (racism, refugee problem, diversity, human rights, political extremism, neo-Nazism, antisemitism etc)
  • Educational coordinator contact details:

    Name: Vassiliki Sakka
    Email address:


The RETHINK project is concerned with bridging formal and informal education. This section explores the factors that make a practice adaptable.

  • Key factors for successful implementation:

    Subject expertise of presenter/instructor
  • Main challenges to teachers adapting this practice for their students:

    Topics relate to several groups and approaches; women, children, art, heritage and propaganda, vulnerable/diverse population etc. So it is applicable beyond formal and national education. Sharing practice and knowledge of the subject can only be positive for teachers all over Europe.
  • Availability of guidance/training/replication materials (and in what language/format currently):

    Greek language - English language
  • Other comments or details:

    The material in Greek (full length) and ppt presentations Greek and English will be provided on request, free of charge.