Emanuel Ringelblum. Biography and heritage

Core features of the practice

  • Organisation:

    Institution name: The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw
    Institution type: Museum
    Institution URL: http://www.jhi.pl/en
  • Format:

    Instructional material, Other
  • Target population:

    Students, Young people, Educators in formal settings, Educators in non-formal settings, General public/non-specialist audience
  • Cost (per practice):

  • Setting:

    Your institution, Other institution, No specific setting required
  • Themes:

    Remembrance education and/or history education, Citizenship/democracy education, Antisemitism, Radicalization prevention, The Holocaust and/or other genocides
  • Core activities:

    Group work, Group discussion, Image analysis, Lecture, Slide presentation

Additional information about the practice

    Target population

  • Number of participants:

    Up to 34
  • Age of target population:

  • Additional specifics:

    National/local specifities (e.g. activity targeted to Swedish school students)
  • Components of the practice

  • Topics and objectives:

    The mission of the Jewish Historical Institute is to care for the Jewish legacy preserved in the archives of our Institute. Our collections consist of seven million pages of varied documents. The most significant part of the collections is the Underground Archive of the Warsaw Ghetto, also known as the Ringelblum Archive. Founder of the Archive, Emanuel Ringelblum, was a historian and a social activist who created in Warsaw Ghetto a conspirational research group "Oneg Shabbat", consisting people of various beliefs and political affiliations, from orthodox Jews, activists of Poale Zion Left to Bund followers and communists. Group members collected materials describing the life of the Polish Jewry during the German occupation and basing on them prepared several reports concerning the Holocaust. These reports were intended for the Polish government on exile and the Allies - the USA and Great Britain. A whole collection of documents is one of the most important sources to the history of the Holocaust from the beginning of the Holocaust studies. Therefore it is important to know how it was possible that a group of people led by Ringelblum was able to create such incredible work in extremely unfavorable times.
  • Materials used:

    Audiovisual material, Online material
    Link to the material:
    1. https://cbj.jhi.pl
  • Material produced:

    Not applicable
  • Sequence of activities - methodology:

  • Length of activity:

    Up to 5 hours
  • Is the activity digital?:

    Yes: https://delet.jhi.pl/en/lessons/public/41
  • Accessibility and replicability

  • Language(s) in which activity can be delivered:

    English, Other
  • Is specialist knowledge or professional training required?:


Qualitative Details

  • Has this practice been evaluated?

  • Core content knowledge and transferable skills:

    Participants would realize that the history of the Holocaust found in the Underground Archive of Warsaw Ghetto was written both by witnesses and victims of it. Such a unique collection of documents was created and preserved for the future generations in Warsaw Ghetto by the members of the conspiracy group "Oneg Shabbat" led by Emanuel Ringelblum. It is not a post-war historical narration but an original voice of the victims. Thanks to the biography of Emanuel Ringelblum students would understand how important is to preserve memory about the history and the culture of a nation. A work of Ringelblum also proves that there are many types of resistance, not only the military one but also an intellectual one. A work of "Oneg Shabbat" is a great example of that.
  • Indicators of success:

    Easy online access to the lecture and availability both in Polish and English languages.
  • Educational coordinator contact details:

    Name: Education Departments
    Email address: edukacja@jhi.pl


The RETHINK project is concerned with bridging formal and informal education. This section explores the factors that make a practice adaptable.

  • Key factors for successful implementation:

    Other factor – please specify, Access to the internet.
  • Main challenges to teachers adapting this practice for their students:

    It would be great if a teacher visits a permanent exhibition "What we've been unable to shout out to the world" about the "Oneg Shabbat" group in a Jewish Historical Institute. If that is not possible, reading articles on our website would be helpful. The Polish language speaking teachers are welcome to participate in our summer and winter academies and seminars.
  • Availability of guidance/training/replication materials (and in what language/format currently):

    Polish, English.
  • Other comments or details: